ToC: Journal of Israeli History 33.1 (2014)


Towards a de-Occidentalist perspective on Israel: The case of the occupation

Johannes Becke
pages 1-23

A Zionist torn between two worlds: Aharon Eisenberg’s correspondence after the Young Turk Revolution

Yuval Ben-Bassat
pages 25-39

Oral testimonies, archival sources, and the 1948 Arab-Israeli War: A close look at the occupation of a Galilean village

Kobi Peled
pages 41-61


Meir Har-Zion’s act of reprisal: Reality and memory

Efrat Seckbach
pages 63-84

The failure to formulate a national science policy: Israel’s Scientific Council, 1948–1959

Ari Barell
pages 85-107

Book Reviews

Place, Memory and Myth in Contemporary Israeli Cinema

Yaron Peleg
pages 109-111


Zionist Arabesques: Modern Landscapes, Non-Modern Texts

Arieh Saposnik
pages 111-113



Cite: Levy, Feminism and Religion in the Israeli Military

Levy, Yagil. “The Clash between Feminism and Religion in the Israeli Military: A Multilayered Analysis.” Social Politics 17,2 (2010): 185-209.



Two social changes that have taken place within the Israel Defense Forces—feminism and religiosity—are marching toward a confrontation. It is a clash between two groups that have significantly increased their presence in the combat units since the 1990s. Central to this dispute is the rabbis’ demand that men and women be kept separate in combat units, a demand that may reset barriers to the equal integration of women into these units. Using an interpretative methodology, this paper argues that this clash is a multi-layered conflict, which is nurtured by institutional interests, cultural symbols, and hidden agendas. It is an asymmetric conflict in which religious groups have a definite advantage.




Keywords: Israel: Sociology, Military, Gender, Feminism, Israel: Religion, IDF, Separation

Conference: Radars and Fences 2010

Radars and Fences III

Friday, March 12, 2010
10:00 AM – 05:00 PM

Radars and Fences 2010 will explore the production of the Israel/Palestine and Mexico/US borders, examining how they engage affects, bodies, and spatial scales. Despite their seemingly confounding specificities, it is our intention to open up a dialogue between these borders in order to enable new terms of practical and political engagement. By bringing this plurality of perspectives into dialogue around the themes of affect and space, we hope to reinvigorate critical analysis of the border in all of its (im)materialities and locations. 

10-10.30 Coffee & Opening Remarks
10.30-11.15 Electronic Disturbance Theatre: Amy Sara Carroll & Ricardo Dominguez
11.15-12 Laila El Haddad & Mushon Zer’Aviv
Break for Lunch
1.15-2 Teddy Cruz
2-2.45 Helga Tawil-Souri
2.45 Long Table Discussion

Sponsored by:
Council for Media and Culture, The Humanities Initiative, The Hemispheric Institute, Department of Media, Culture, and Communication, Kevorkian Center for Near Eastern Studies, Taub Center for Israel Studies

For further information and RSVP, see here:

New Publication: Sheffer and Barak, Militarism and Israeli Society

Sheffer, Gabriel and Oren Barak, eds. Militarism and Israeli Society. An Israel Studies Book. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2010.


URL: ttp://


Table of Contents:

1. The Study of Civil—Military Relations in Israel: A New Perspective / Oren Barak and Gabriel Sheffer
2. Military Knowledge and Weak Civilian Control in the Reality of Low Intensity Conflict—The Israeli Case / Kobi Michael
3. Civil Society, the Military, and National Security: The Case of Israel’s Security Zone in South Lebanon / Avraham Sela
4. Intractable Conflict and the Media / Yoram Peri
5. Tensions between Military Service and Jewish Orthodoxy in Israel: Implications Imagined and Real / Stuart A. Cohen
6. From "Obligatory Militarism" to "Contractual Militarism"—Competing Models of Citizenship / Yagil Levy, Edna Lomsky-Feder, and Noa Harel
7. Shadow Lands: The Use of Land Resources for Security Needs in Israel / Amiram Oren
8. "The Battle over Our Homes": Reconstructing/Deconstructing Sovereign Practices around Israel’s Separation Barrier on the West Bank / Yuval Feinstein and Uri Ben-Eliezer
9. The Debate over the Defense Budget in Israel / Zalman F. Shiffer
10. Civilian Control over the Army in Israel and France / Samy Cohen
11. The Making of Israel’s Political—Security Culture / Amir Bar-Or
12. The Discourses of "Psychology" and the "Normalization" of War in Contemporary Israel / Edna Lomsky-Feder and Eyal Ben-Ari
13. Visual Representations of IDF Women Soldiers and "Civil-Militarism" in Israel / Chava Brownfield-Stein
14. Contradictory Representation of the IDF in Cultural Texts of the 1980s / Yuval Benziman
15. Military and Society since 9/11: Retrospect and Prospect / Christopher Dandeker


Keywords: Israel: Politics, Military, Lebanon, Israel: Society, Gender, Israel: Culture, Israel: Economy, West Bank, Partition / Separation, Wall / Separation Barrier, Israel: Religion, Religious-Secular Dividem גבי שפר, אורן ברק

New Publication: Karsh, Palestine Betrayed

Efraim Karsh. Palestine Betrayed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010 (available April 5th).




The 1947 UN resolution to partition Palestine irrevocably changed the political landscape of the Middle East, giving rise to six full-fledged wars between Arabs and Jews, countless armed clashes, blockades, and terrorism, as well as a profound shattering of Palestinian Arab society. Its origins, and that of the wider Arab-Israeli conflict, are deeply rooted in Jewish-Arab confrontation and appropriation in Palestine. But the isolated occasions of violence during the British Mandate era (1920–48) suggest that the majority of Palestinian Arabs yearned to live and thrive under peaceful coexistence with the evolving Jewish national enterprise. So what was the real cause of the breakdown in relations between the two communities?
In this brave and groundbreaking book, Efraim Karsh tells the story from both the Arab and Jewish perspectives. He argues that from the early 1920s onward, a corrupt and extremist leadership worked toward eliminating the Jewish national revival and protecting its own interests. Karsh has mined many of the Western, Soviet, UN, and Israeli documents declassified over the past decade, as well as unfamiliar Arab sources, to reveal what happened behind the scenes on both Palestinian and Jewish sides. It is an arresting story of delicate political and diplomatic maneuvering by leading figures—Ben Gurion, Hajj Amin Husseini, Abdel Rahman Azzam, King Abdullah, Bevin, and Truman —over the years leading up to partition, through the slide to war and its enduring consequences. Palestine Betrayed is vital reading for understanding the origin of disputes that remain crucial today.




Keywords: History, Partition / Separation, Nakbah, British Mandate, UN Resolution 181, Israeli-Palestinian conflict

New Publication: Morris, One State, Two States

Benny Morris. One State, Two States: Resolving the Israel/Palestine Conflict. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.



Keywords: Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Peace: with Palestinians, Peace: Bi-National model, Peace: Two-State Solution, Partition / Separation

Dissertation: Sinanoglou, British Plans for Partition of Palestine

Sinanoglou, Penelope Joy. Playing Solomon: British plans for the partition of Palestine, 1920-1939. Ph.D. dissertation. Harvard University; 2008.

***** Abstract (Summary) *****

This dissertation traces the emergence and development of partition plans in British-mandated Palestine from the inception of the mandate until the eve of the Second World War. It seeks to determine how the British eventually came to favor partition as a solution to the "Palestine problem" and to delineate the factors influencing this trajectory. Drawing on archival and published sources collected in England, India, Israel and the United States, the dissertation traces local, national, imperial and international influences on British policy-making. The aborted post-war partition of Palestine under the United Nations has drawn significant scholarly attention away from a period in which partition was not inevitable, but rather slowly emerged as a seemingly promising solution. This dissertation reveals the complex web of factors that brought partition to the fore.

The dissertation brings Britain and international organizations such as the League of Nations back to a central position in the early twentieth-century history of Palestine, arguing that ideas about nationality, sovereignty and territoriality that were being defined and contested after 1919 had a significant impact on British policy in Palestine. Representative government was increasingly recognized and constructed as a norm in both British domestic and international politics, yet Britain was unable to institute nationally representative government in Palestine. The dissertation argues that partition emerged as a potential policy because it offered a solution to this intractable problem.

Critically, this study also returns Palestine to the fold of British imperial history from which it has often been excluded as an exceptional case. It foregrounds the importance of cross-imperial experience and thinking in the development of partition as a theory and practice. Many British administrators looked to analogous situations in other parts of the empire such as India, Ireland, and Africa for solutions to problems in Palestine. By the mid-1920s, partition was already an established imperial tool, used temporarily in Bengal between 1905 and 1911, and permanently in the Irish partition of 1922. Placing British policy-making in Palestine in these international and imperial contexts provides a new and nuanced interpretation of a critical historical moment.

***** Indexing (document details) *****

Advisor:          Owen, Roger

School:           Harvard University

School Location:  United States — Massachusetts

Keyword(s):       Great Britain, Partition, British Empire, Palestine

Source:           DAI-A 69/10, Apr 2009

Source type:      Dissertation

Subjects:         Middle Eastern history, European history

Publication       AAT 3334795


ISBN:             9780549882299

Document URL:


ProQuest document 1617307351


Keywords: Israel-Palestinian Conflict; Penelope Joy Sinanoglou, British Mandate,

[Thanks to John Erlen, University of Pittsburgh for info]