Israel Affairs, Volume 22, Issue 2, April 2016 is now available online on Taylor & Francis Online.
This new issue contains the following articles:
Writing Jewish history
Pages: 257-269 | DOI: 10.1080/13537121.2016.1140346
How do states die: lessons for Israel
Steven R. David
Pages: 270-290 | DOI: 10.1080/13537121.2016.1140358Towards a biblical psychology for modern Israel: 10 guides for healthy living
Kalman J. Kaplan
Pages: 291-317 | DOI: 10.1080/13537121.2016.1140349
The past as a yardstick: Europeans, Muslim migrants and the onus of European-Jewish histories
The mental cleavage of Israeli politics
Framing policy paradigms: population dispersal and the Gaza withdrawal
National party strategies in local elections: a theory and some evidence from the Israeli case
‘I have two homelands’: constructing and managing Iranian Jewish and Persian Israeli identities
Avoiding longing: the case of ‘hidden children’ in the Holocaust
‘Are you being served?’ The Jewish Agency and the absorption of Ethiopian immigration |
The danger of Israel according to Sheikh Yusuf Qaradawi
Leisure in the twenty-first century: the case of Israel
Limits to cooperation: why Israel does not want to become a member of the International Energy Agency
The attitude of the local press to marginal groups: between solidarity and alienation
The construction of Israeli ‘masculinity’ in the sports arena
Holocaust images and picturing catastrophe: the cultural politics of seeing
Tag Archives: Jewish Agency
New Article: Gallas, Restoration of Looted Cultural Property in Early Postwar Europe
Gallas, Elisabeth. “Locating the Jewish Future: The Restoration of Looted Cultural Property in Early Postwar Europe”. Naharaim 9.1-2 (2015): 25-47.
At the end of World War II Allied soldiers found an unexpected amount of looted cultural property on German territory, property that had originally belonged to Jewish institutions and private owners from all over Europe. To take care of this precious booty the American Military Government for Germany organized an unprecedented initiative in cultural restitution. However, since most of the Jewish treasures found were heirless, traditional legislation based on bilateral intergovernmental regulations was insufficient for the task of finding just restitution solutions and meeting Jewish collective interests. In 1949, after complex legal negotiations, the New York based corporation Jewish Cultural Reconstruction (JCR) was officially installed to act as trustee for heirless Jewish cultural property found in the American Zone of Occupation. Not only was it extraordinary that the major Jewish organizations of the time – representing Palestine/Israel as well as the Diaspora – worked together via JCR, this was also the first time that international law recognized a legal representative of the Jewish collective. This paper explores the history of JCR, focusing, in particular, on the manifold and conflicting perceptions of the future of Jewish existence post-1945 that informed its work. On the one hand, the reestablished Jewish communities of Europe, especially the one in Germany, strongly contested JCR’s goal of distributing the rescued material to Jewish centers outside of Europe. Unlike JCR, they believed in a new Jewish beginning on the war-torn continent. On the other hand, Zionist- versus Diaspora-centered views also led to internal conflicts within JCR regarding the rightful ownership and appropriate relocation of European Jewish cultural heritage. JCR’s history reveals significant facets of Jewish agency and future planning in the early postwar years while reflecting the new topography of Jewish existence after the Holocaust.
Reviews: Jones & Petersen, eds., Israel’s Clandestine Diplomacies
Jones, Clive and Tore T. Petersen, eds. Israel’s Clandestine Diplomacies. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
- Eran, Oded. “Review.” Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs 8.2 (2014): 103-105.
- Rodman, David. “Review.” Israel Affairs 20.3 (2014): 442-444.
- Inbar, Efraim. “Review.” Diplomacy & Statecraft 26.1 (2015): 201-202.
New Book: Krampf, The National Origins of the Market Economy (in Hebrew)
קרמפף, אריה. המקורות הלאומיים של כלכלת השוק. פיתוח כלכלי בתקופת עיצובו של הקפיטליזם הישראלי. ירושלים: מאגנס, 2015.
About the Book
During the consolidation of Israeli capitalism, economic policy went through dramatic changes that reflected the key challenges of its society, the power relations between various groups of Israeli political economy, and the changes in worldviews and economic theories in the global arena. This book surveys the shifts in economic worldviews that guided the policymakers of of the State of Israel, and identifies the causes of these changes. The book is based on a variety of historical documents, some of which did not gain scholarly attention so far, and illuminates many issues from a new perspective. It also exposes unknown episodes in the history of political economy of the pre-State years and of Israel. The author presents this economic history in a clear and coherent storyline, readily accessible to readers. This cohesion is achieved through a crystallized and innovative theoretical framework. The book focuses on the period from the 1930s to the year 1967. However, readers will be able to better understand the nature of the relations between the state and the market today and gain insights about Israel’s economic and political future. (Yuval Yonay)
The author presents his readers, both professionals and the general public, with data, analasis and a narrative which will surprise many of them. Many will be surprised to learn that the planners of Israeli economy were far less socialist than they are told to be, and that the process of the formation of Israeli capitalism began long before the era of liberalization and globalization. (Guy Rolnik)
For a full Table of Contents (in Hebrew) click here (PDF).
New Article: Naor, Israeli Mobilization and the Overseas Volunteers in the Six-Day-War
Naor, Moshe. “Israeli Mobilization and the Overseas Volunteers in the Six-Day-War.” Journal of Modern Jewish Studies 13.3 (2014): 442-58.
This article examines the mobilization of the Israeli home front and the overseas volunteering movement that began in May 1967 and continued through the summer of 1968. The mobilization in the Six-Day War included manifestations of solidarity and volunteering in diverse fields. The Israeli government and the Histadrut sent volunteers to frontier communities and raised funds from the public to finance the war. The movement included World Jewry, which also participated in fundraising through an emergency campaign and sent thousands of volunteers to Israel. The goal of the Israeli government and the Jewish Agency to transform the volunteering movement into a Jewish immigration movement to Israel and to strengthen the bond between Israel and World Jewry, shaped the character of this movement. The article examines the character of this movement and discusses the nature of the encounter between the overseas volunteers and Israeli society.
ToC: Israel Studies 19.3 (2014)
Israel Studies 19.3 (2014): Table of Contents
Special Section: Israel and the United States
Turning Point on the Road to Peace: The Government of Yitzhak Rabin and the Interim Agreement with Egypt (Sinai II)
Operation 1000 for the Settlement of Jewish-American Immigrants in the Occupied Territories
Arab Jew in Palestine
“About 1000 Haredim, Members of Ha’eda Haharedit”: Linguistic Patterns and Rhetorical Functions of Generalizations in the Israeli News
Israel’s Security Networks: A Theoretical and Comparative Perspective by Gabriel Sheffer and Oren Barak (review)
ToC: Israel Studies 19.2 (2014)
[ToC from Project Muse; content also available at JStor: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2979/israelstudies.19.issue-2]
Volume 19, Number 2, Summer 2014
Table of Contents
Special Issue: Zionism in the 21st Century
Editors: Ilan Troen and Donna Robinson Divine
Articles: Zionist Theory
Cultural Zionism Today
Culture: Literature and Music
Cultural Orientations and Dilemmas
The Kibbutz in Immigration Narratives of Bourgeois Iraqi and Polish Jews Who Immigrated to Israel in the 1950s
Politics and Law
Zionism and the Politics of Authenticity
Law in Light of Zionism: A Comparative View
Economics and Land
Competing Concepts of Land in Eretz Israel
Israel’s Relationship with Its Neighbors and the Palestinian Arab Citizens
Religion and Society
The Ambivalent Haredi Jew
Dissertation: Katan, Language Socialization and Linguistic Ideologies among Israeli Emissaries in the United States
Language socialization and linguistic ideologies among Israeli emissaries in the United States
Author: Kattan, Shlomy
Publication info: University of California, Berkeley, ProQuest, UMI Dissertations Publishing, 2010. 3413403.
Abstract: Research in both the anthropology and sociology of education has increasingly come to consider the institutional effects of migration, globalization, and transnationalism on learning environments. Yet, most studies examining transmigration and education have only looked at migrant children in schools rather than at the transitions they undergo as transnationals across settings. We know little of the linguistic and socializing practices that occur during migrants’ transitions from place to place and how they come to define the migratory and educational experience for transnational children. This multi-sited, global ethnography examines language socialization practices and linguistic ideologies among families of Israeli emissaries ( shlichim ) employed by the Jewish Agency for Israel (JAFI). The study documented the transitions undergone by families with school-age children in the months of their preparation for their move from Israel to the United States and during the first year and-a-half in the U.S.. Data collection for this project took place in both Israel and New York at the homes of the families, the children’s schools, peer group activities, extracurricular programs, play, and summer camp. The focus of this dissertation project is on routine home and school practices which orient children to attitudes towards their identities as Israelis, as Zionists, as transnationals, and as temporary residents of the United States. The study approaches this question through the lens of the language socialization paradigm, a subfield of linguistic anthropology which understands socialization to occur both through the use of language and to the use of language. I argue that through attention to language use and form children are taught to attend to symbolic boundaries between Israeli, Jewish Diasporan, and U.S. American identities. The simultaneous reinforcement and transcendence of these symbolic boundaries is a defining characteristic of living transnationally. I find that transnational identities: (1) Are constructed through an explicit recognition of the boundaries between the linguistic and cultural practices of the homeland and the host country; (2) are negotiated through attention to the authenticity of members of the homeland, the host country, and the transnational community; that is, through attention to the extent to which individuals stay within the symbolic boundaries that separate the homeland and the host-land; and (3) Display an ambivalence toward affiliation with the host country by accentuating and emphasizing the linguistic and cultural practices of the homeland. Based on these findings, I call for a language socialization approach to studying transnationalism which recognizes the role of the local and the global, the contemporary and the historical, and the orthodox and heterodox in everyday transnational practices. By focusing on the shlichim ‘s transition from Israel to the United States, the dissertation obtains a view of migration often unavailable to researchers: the preparation for departure and initial arrival to the country of destination. This period of transition is formative in the emissaries’ experiences and as they define themselves vis-à-vis their country of origin and their host country. In this sense, this dissertation contributes to an understanding of the role of language in transnational practices, thus supplementing the growing field of research around questions of transnationalism, diaspora, and identity.
Subject: Linguistics; Cultural anthropology; Educational sociology
Classification: 0290: Linguistics; 0326: Cultural anthropology; 0340: Educational sociology
Identifier / keyword: Education, Social sciences, Language, literature and linguistics, Language socialization, Ideologies, Israeli, Emissaries, Diaspora, Identity, Israel, Shlichut, Symbolic boundaries,; Transnationalism
Title: Language socialization and linguistic ideologies among Israeli emissaries in the United States
Number of pages: 144
Publication year: 2010
Degree date: 2010
School code: 0028
Source: DAI-A 71/09, Mar 2011
Place of publication: Ann Arbor
Country of publication: United States
Advisor: Baquedano-Lopez, Patricia
Committee member: Kramsch, Claire J., Boyarin, Daniel
University/institution: University of California, Berkeley
University location: United States — California
Source type: Dissertations & Theses
Document type: Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number: 3413403
ProQuest document ID: 749359605
Cite: Jensehaugen et al., From Zionist Ideology to Israeli Statehood
Jensehaugen, Jørgen; Marte Heian-Engdal and Hilde Henriksen Waage. “Securing the State: From Zionist Ideology to Israeli Statehood.” Diplomacy & Statecraft 23.2 (2012): 280-303.
Between early 1947 and May 1948, the Zionist movement went from being a non-state actor representing the minority population within the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine to establishing the State of Israel, which would be recognised almost instantaneously by the world’s two Superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. Such a result, however, was never a given. What processes allowed a non-state actor, the Zionist movement, to secure international acceptance for the creation of a Jewish state in highly ambiguous circumstances? This analysis explores the dual-track adopted by the Zionist movement, whereby it worked to create facts on the ground within Palestine whilst securing support for its state-building project at the international level. By establishing state-like institutions in Palestine whilst building international support, the Jewish Agency was able to secure for itself a unique place from which to declare statehood.
Cite: Jones, Secret Intelligence Service and the Jewish Agency 1939-45
Jones, Clive. “Good Friends in Low Places? The British Secret Intelligence Service and the Jewish Agency 1939-45.” Middle Eastern Studies 48.3 (2012): 413-428.
This article explores intelligence collaboration between British Intelligence and the Jewish Agency during the Second World War. Most accounts of this period highlight the functional nature of this collaboration, accounts that inevitably have come to be viewed through the prism of the Holocaust, and with it the prevailing sense that Britain offered `too little too late to help’ in using its clandestine assets to help rescue the remnants of European Jewry. By focusing however on collaboration primarily between the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and the Jewish Agency, this article argues that intelligence liaison and collaboration at an operational level was closer and less conditioned by adherence to stated British government policy than hitherto suggested.
Cite: Sasson, American Jews’ Changing Relationship to Israel
Sasson, Theodore. "Mass Mobilization to Direct Engagement: American Jews’ Changing Relationship to Israel." Israel Studies 15,2 (2010): 173-195.
The practices of American Jews relative to Israel seem increasingly to break with patterns established during the second half of the 20th century. Lobbying by American Jewish organizations on the political left and right increasingly competes with the consensus-oriented efforts of organizations such as AIPAC and the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations (CPMAJO). Direct giving to Israeli civil society organizations has replaced the federations’ annual campaigns as the primary vehicle for diaspora philanthropy. The number of American Jewish teens and young adults visiting Israel has surged, but most are going with private tour companies under the auspices of Birthright Israel rather than programs of the North American denominations. Aliyah is up, but managed by Nefesh b’Nefesh, a private not-for-profit organization, rather than the Jewish Agency for Israel. In short, how American Jews relate to Israel is very much in flux.
This study argues that the mass mobilization model that organized American Jewish practices relative to Israel since the founding of state has declined, and a new direct engagement model has emerged alongside it. Increasingly American Jews relate to Israel directly, by advocating their own political views, funding favored causes, visiting frequently or living there part time, consuming Israeli news and entertainment, and expressing a distinctively "realistic" rather than idealistic orientation toward the Jewish state. Their new homeland practices have given rise to (and been encouraged by) a new set of organizations that operate privately, beyond the orbit of the semi-public agencies of the established American Jewish polity.