Reviews: Tzfadia and Yacobi, Rethinking Israeli Space

Tzfadia, Erez and Haim Yacobi. Rethinking Israeli Space. Periphery and Identity. Routledge Advances in Middle East and Islamic Studies. London and New York: Routledge, 2011.

Reviews

  • Mazza, Roberto. “Review.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44.2 (2012): 374-376.

Cite: Kark and Frantzman, Bedouin, Abdül Hamid II, British Land Settlement, and Zionism

Kark, Ruth and Seth J. Frantzman. "Bedouin, Abdül Hamid II, British Land Settlement, and Zionism: The Baysan Valley and Sub-district 1831-1948." Israel Studies 15,2 (2010): 49-79.

 

URL: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/israel_studies/summary/v015/15.2.kark.html

Abstract

Colonial governments frequently employed policies that either developed colonies for the benefit of the colonial power or neglected areas not viewed as contributory. Land laws and settlement policies were instrumental tools for the extension of governmental control to marginal regions under the sequential regimes that ruled the Middle East in the 19th and 20th centuries. Our case study of the Baysan valley in Ottoman and Mandatory Palestine examines relations between the government and indigenous Bedouin nomads, and between the Zionist movement and the Bedouin, focusing on land access, ownership, and settlement patterns of the Bedouin tribes between 1831 and 1948 and their sedenterization. We show that the policies of the Ottoman Sultan Abdül Hamid II and the British Mandatory Ghor Mudawarra Land Agreement led to a unique process of settlement in the Baysan valley with extension of land ownership to local inhabitants by the colonial government. The study is part of a broader investigation of Colonial rule, nomads, land law, and land and settlement policy in the Middle East.

Cite: Ortar, Adamot: Land without Earth and Corporeal Memory

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Ortar, Ilana Salama. "Adamot: Land without Earth and Corporeal Memory: A Conceptual Theft of the Border and Civic Performance Art." Third Text 23,5 (2009): 657-668.

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Abstract

The paired projects Land without Earth and Corporeal Memory (1999-2000) took place along the Israeli-Lebanese and Israeli-Syrian border zones and focused on border lines, territory, border crossing and corporeal memory. Juxtaposing the situation of body and land, when both are affected and damaged by a state of emergency, Civic Performance Art process concentrated on ways of making present the absence – of stolen earth and of amputated body parts. At stake in the projects was a representation of exposure, an essential part of a state of emergency, as something which becomes visible through the invisible, the lack or disappearance of what had been once a whole, a body.
The discussion reappraises Agamben’s concepts of ‘state of emergency’, ‘homo sacer’ and ‘sovereign power’ in the local context of bio-political entities in the Middle East, and takes these notions into the dramatised and material reality of land and body via the Hebrew-based triad ‘blood-man-earth’ (damadamadama).

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URL: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a915675462

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Keywords: Border; territory; state of emergency; civic performance art; invisible; Agamben; homo sacer; bio-political; Middle East; dam-adam-adama, Israel: Land Ownership, Israeli-Arab Conflict, Israel: Security and Defense, Israel: Borders

Cite: Forman, The Land Settlement Ordinance Amendment of 1960

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Forman, Geremy. "Liberal Reform in an Illiberal Land Regime: The Land Settlement Ordinance Amendment of 1960." Israel Studies 15,1 (2010): 47-72.

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Abstract

The 1960 Amendment to the 1928 Land Settlement Ordinance transferred land settlement adjudication from the “settlement officers” of the Israeli Justice Ministry to the district courts. Contextualized in a broad history of formative Israeli land law, this article carefully examines the evolution of the 1960 Amendment, which until now has gone unexplored by scholars. It explains why it was enacted when it was, despite consensus among executive officials that it would threaten vital Israeli interests in the predominantly Palestinian region of the Galilee. It also explains why, although liberal in nature, the reform did not provide private Palestinian landholders in the Galilee with a substantially more favorable judicial setting in which to dispute Israeli state claims to land they viewed as their own. Based on his findings, the author concludes by noting the utility of incorporating thorough archival research into studies of post-1948 Israeli legislation.

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URL: http://inscribe.iupress.org/doi/abs/10.2979/ISR.2010.15.1.47

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Keywords: Israel: Land Ownership, Israel: Law, Israeli Palestinians

Lecture: Israel’s Housing Policies

The Allen and Joan Bildner Center for the Study of Jewish Life

Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey

The Ruth Ellen Steinman and Edward J. Bloustein Memorial Lecture

The Evolution of Israel’s Housing Policies: Planning in the Face of Crisis
Rachelle Alterman, David Azrieli Chair in Architecture/Town Planning,

Technion-Israel Institute of Technology

Thursday, February 25, 5:30 p.m.

The Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
Civic Square Building

 

RSVP by Feb 16,  2010.

Source URL: http://jewishstudies.rutgers.edu/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=361&Itemid=200

New Publication: Hare and Kressel, Desert Experience in Israel

 

Hare, A. Paul and Gideon M. Kressel, eds. The Desert Experience in Israel: Communities, Arts, Science, and Education in the Negev. Lanham, Md. : University Press of America, 2009.

 

Cover Image

Table of Contents

Preface vii

1 The Desert Experience A. Paul Hare Gideon M. Kressel 1

Part I Communities in the Desert 7

2 A Call for Desert Communities and Science David Ben-Gurion 9

3 The First Days at Kibbutz Revivim Yonat Alexander Sened 13

4 The Pioneer at Kibbutz Sde Boqer John Krivine 19

Part II What is a Desert? 25

5 Midbar, Shmama, and Garbage Can Michael Feige 27

6 The Conquest of the Desert and the Settlement Ethos Yael Zerubavel 33

7 The Perception of the Four Winds Gideon M. Kressel 45

Part III Inspiration 53

8 Religion and the Desert Yigal Granot 55

9 The Arts 59

Photographs Arie Bar Lev 59

Angels in the Desert 64

A visit with Binah Kahana Gretel Rieber

Translated from the German Wolfgang Motzafi-Haller

Theater Ofra Faiman 67

Literature Chaim Noll 71

Sculpture Ezra Orion 76

Sculpture Dalia Meiri 77

Poetry Elaine Solowey 81

Poetry Arie Issar 84

Bedouin Poetry Alexander Borg 86

10 Linguistic and Ethnographic Observations on the Color Categories of the Negev Bedouin Alexander Borg 91

Part IV Research 117

11 Founding of the Institute for Desert Research Amos Richmond 119

12 Desert Research 139

Solar Power Plants David Faiman 139

Solar Surgery Daniel Feuermann 143

Fossil Water Arie S. Issar 147

Microalgae Zvi Cohen 151

Runoff Agriculture Pedro Berliner 155

Fish Samuel Appelbaum 157

Desert Architecture David Pearlmutter 160

Apology for Architecture, or The Planner’s Craft Isaac Meir 163

Part V Education and Scholarship 171

13 Environmental High School Sol Brand 173

14 Field School Eran Doron 177

15 Ben-Gurion Research and Heritage Institutes Allon Gal 181

References 189

Name Index 203

Subject Index 207

About the Contributors 209