This new issue contains the following articles:
Writing Jewish history
Pages: 257-269 | DOI: 10.1080/13537121.2016.1140346
How do states die: lessons for Israel
Steven R. David
Pages: 270-290 | DOI: 10.1080/13537121.2016.1140358Towards a biblical psychology for modern Israel: 10 guides for healthy living
Kalman J. Kaplan
Pages: 291-317 | DOI: 10.1080/13537121.2016.1140349
The past as a yardstick: Europeans, Muslim migrants and the onus of European-Jewish histories
The mental cleavage of Israeli politics
Framing policy paradigms: population dispersal and the Gaza withdrawal
National party strategies in local elections: a theory and some evidence from the Israeli case
‘I have two homelands’: constructing and managing Iranian Jewish and Persian Israeli identities
Avoiding longing: the case of ‘hidden children’ in the Holocaust
‘Are you being served?’ The Jewish Agency and the absorption of Ethiopian immigration |
The danger of Israel according to Sheikh Yusuf Qaradawi
Leisure in the twenty-first century: the case of Israel
Limits to cooperation: why Israel does not want to become a member of the International Energy Agency
The attitude of the local press to marginal groups: between solidarity and alienation
The construction of Israeli ‘masculinity’ in the sports arena
Holocaust images and picturing catastrophe: the cultural politics of seeing
Volume 21, Number 1, Spring 2016
Table of Contents
Representations of Israeli-Jewish — Israeli-Palestinian Memory and Historical Narratives of the 1948 War
Edited by Avraham Sela and Alon Kadish
Avraham Sela, Avraham Kadish
The 1948 Palestine War on the Small Screen: A Comparative Analysis of its Representation in Two Israeli Television Series
Wa-ma Nasayna (We Have Not Forgotten): Palestinian Collective Memory and the Print Work of Abed Abdi
Kizel, Arie. “The Presentation of Germany in Israeli History Textbooks between 1948 and 2014.” Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society 7.1 (2015): 94-115.
This article reviews an extensive study of Israeli secondary school general history curricula and textbooks since the establishment of the state in 1948 until the present day. By analyzing the way in which Germany is presented in various contexts, the findings of the study indicate that, while the textbooks reflect a shift from an early censorious attitude to a factual approach, the curriculum continues to present national Jewish Zionism as the metanarrative. In this context, Germany is framed as a victimizer.
Steinberg, Shoshana and Judith Zamir. “Evaluation of a Joint Israeli–Palestinian Project.” New Directions for Evaluation 146 (2015): 119-27.
This article presents three examples of evaluation intervention demonstrating the ongoing significance of a politically responsive approach. The article’s main goal is to shed light on the evaluator’s role, through the work of a mixed team of Israeli and Palestinian teachers, within a conflict, in an uncomfortable zone context. Israeli and Palestinian teachers participated in a project aimed at producing a history textbook including the narratives of each group, each of whom had its own legitimate objectives. This article intends to highlight the significant contribution of the evaluator to the entire process through the use of three different evaluation tools.
Nets-Zehngut, Rafi. “The Israeli Army’s Official Memory of the 1948 Palestinian Exodus, 1949–2004.” War in History 22.2 (2015): 211-34.
The Publishing Branch at the Education Corps of the Israeli army (IDF) is its main unit charged with disseminating information to its soldiers. This article seeks to determine whether this branch, from 1949 to 2004, chose the institutional/Zionist (voluntary flight) or the critical (voluntary flight accompanied by expulsion) narrative as its official memory of the 1948 Palestinian exodus. By analysing all of the Branch publications produced during that period, the article determines that the Branch presented largely the institutional narrative. Various related phenomena are discussed: the reasons for the publications’ narratives, centrality and collective amnesia, internal and external memories, and self and external censorship.
Shavit, Uriya. “Zionism as told by Rashid Rida.” Journal of Israeli History (early view, online first).
Muhammad Rashid Rida, the editor of al-Manar and one of the preeminent Muslim thinkers of the twentieth century, published between 1898 and 1935 dozens of reports, analyses, and Quran exegesis on Jews, Zionism, and the Palestine question. His scholarship greatly influenced the Muslim Brothers and still reverberates in the Arab political discourse today. Based on the first systematic reading and contextualization of al-Manar‘s pertinent texts, this article examines and explains the radical shifts in Rida’s views: from describing Zionism as a humanitarian enterprise of a virtuous nation to depicting it as a plan for ethnic cleansing; from expressing doubts about the ability of the Arabs to prevail against the Jews to proclaiming certainty that they would; and from condemning French anti-Semitism to embracing hateful theories about Jewish conspiracies and vices.
Siniver, Asaf, ed. The Yom Kippur War. Politics, Legacy, Diplomacy. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
The Yom Kippur War was a watershed moment in the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict and the modern Middle East more broadly. It marked the beginning of a US-led peace process between Israel and her Arab neighbours; it introduced oil diplomacy as a new means of leverage in international politics; and it affected irreversibly the development of the European Community and the Palestinian struggle for independence. Moreover, the regional order which emerged at the end of the war remained largely unchallenged for nearly four decades, until the recent wave of democratic revolutions in the Arab world. The fortieth anniversary of the Yom Kippur War provides a timely opportunity to reassess the major themes that emerged during the war and in its aftermath, and the contributors to this book provide the first comprehensive account of the domestic and international factors which informed the policies of Israel, Egypt, Syria and Jordan, as well as external actors before, during and after the war. In addition to chapters on the superpowers, the EU and the Palestinians, the book also deals with the strategic themes of intelligence and political of the war on Israeli and Arab societies.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors
2. Dominant Themes in the October War Historiography: Blame and Historical Analogy
3. Israel and the October War
4. The October War and Egypt’s Multiple Crossings
5. Syria and the October War: The Missed Opportunity
6. US Foreign Policy and the Kissinger Stratagem
7. The Soviet Union and the October War
8. Jordan’s War that Never Was
9. Palestinian Politics in Transition: The Case of the October War
Philipp O. Amour
10. Faraway Causes, Immediate Effects: The War and European Consequences
11. Oil and the October War
12. Ashraf Marwan and Israel’s Intelligence Failure
13. Evolving a Diplomatic Legacy from the War: The US, Egyptian and Israeli Triangle
Kenneth W. Stein
14. Clashing Narratives of the October War: Collective Memory and Group Perspective
Claudia De Martino
15. Gone But Not Forgotten? The Occasional Lessons of the October War
This new issue contains the following articles:
The ‘Arab Spring’: implications for US–Israeli relations
The effects of the ‘Arab Spring’ on Israel’s geostrategic and security environment: the escalating jihadist terror in the Sinai Peninsula
Consolidated monarchies in the post-‘Arab Spring’ era: the case of Jordan
Turkish foreign policy after the ‘Arab Spring’: from agenda-setter state to agenda-entrepreneur state
Burak Bilgehan Özpek & Yelda Demirağ
Myth and reality, denial and concealment: American Zionist leadership and the Jewish vote in the 1940s
Middle Eastern intellectual correspondence: Jacob Talmon and Arnold Toynbee revisited
Fiscal allocation to Arab local authorities in Israel, 2004–12
‘Spring of Youth’ in Beirut: the effects of the Israeli military operation on Lebanon
Bohaterowie, hochsztaplerzy, opisywacze: wokół Żydowskiego Związku Wojskowego [Heroes, hucksters, storytellers: the Jewish Military Organization
Israel: a history
Holy war in Judaism: the fall and rise of a controversial idea
Saturday people, Sunday people: Israel through the eyes of a Christian sojourner
The Arab Spring, democracy and security: domestic and international ramifications
Operation Damocles: Israel’s secret war against Hitler’s scientists, 1951–1967
A Jew’s best friend? The image of the dog throughout Jewish history
Tested by Zion: the Bush administration and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Routledge handbook of modern Israel
Israel’s clandestine diplomacies
|Table of Contents Alert|
|University of California Press is happy to notify you that the new issue of Journal of Palestine Studies is now available. The online issues of this journal are hosted on JSTOR on behalf of University of California Press.|
COMMENTARY: THE KERRY NEGOTIATIONS
SPECIAL DOCUMENT FILE
Gechtman, Roni. “Nationalising the Bund? Zionist Historiography and the Jewish Labour Movement.” East European Jewish Affairs 43.3 (2013): 249-264.
This article examines the academic historiography on the Jewish Workers’ Bund produced by Israeli and Zionist scholars. While the contribution of Israeli scholars to the historiography on the Bund has been significant in both quantity and quality, their works have had to grapple with the tension between the goals of Zionist historiography and the Bund’s political and ideological commitments, namely the party’s radical opposition to nationalism in general and to Zionism in particular. To various degrees, Israeli scholars sought to “nationalise” the Yiddish-speaking labour movement in Eastern Europe and incorporate it into a coherent narrative of the Jews’ past as an “organic” nation. As a result of their authors’ ideological and methodological preconceptions, and by portraying it as a nationalist movement, these works often misrepresent the Bund’s ideas, policies and activities.
Ben-Bassat, Yuval. “Conflicting Accounts of Early Zionist Settlement: A Note on the Encounter between the Colony of Rehovot and the Bedouins of Khirbat Duran.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 40.2 (2013): 139-48.
By comparing a recently discovered rare petition sent to Istanbul in 1890 by the Bedouins of Khirbat Duran to protest the establishment of the Jewish colony of Rehovot, some 25 kilometres south-east of Jaffa on Palestine’s central inner coastline, to accounts written by Rehovot’s first colonists, the article explores claims of land ownership rights by the two sides. Beyond this unique perspective on the early Zionist–Arab encounter, these differing accounts highlight some of the underlying reasons for strains in the relationships between the two populations in Palestine at the end of the nineteenth century. Agrarian and social developments in Palestine in the decades preceding the beginning of Zionist activity in the 1880s ought to be examined in order to better contextualise both the source materials and the events involving the two populations.
We understood that after we had bought the land, paid its price, and received title-deeds from the government, we were the land’s sole owners and no one else had a say [on this matter]. Thus, we did not want the Bedouins, they and their wives, children and herds, to come and occupy our land. (Eliyahu Levin-Epstein, the head of the colony of Rehovot in 1890).
The farm, which was in our hands from [the time of our] fathers and forefathers was taken from us by force, and the foreigners do not want to treat us according to the accepted norms among the farmers and according to human norms. (The Bedouins of Khirbat Duran in a petition to Istanbul, 1890)
Israel Studies 18.1 (2013), Table of Contents:
Maya Balakirsky Katz
Notes on Contributors (pp. 194-195)
Guidelines for Contributors (pp. 196-198)
Stein, Leslie. “Rewriting Israel’s History.” Shofar 30.1 (2011): 129-140.
This article provides a brief survey of the major works of the so-called New Israeli Historians. It attempts to explain what distinguishes them from mainstream Israeli scholars and considers the extent to which their writings constitute a unified school of thought. The article makes it clear that there are indeed various gradations of dissent. For one, Benny Morris, while basing himself on archival material that reveals unsavory aspects of Israel’s history, nevertheless remains faithful to the Zionist ideal. At the other end of the spectrum Ilan Pappé is far less interested in the veracity of his sources and is far more concerned to denigrate the entire Zionist enterprise by falsely accusing Israel of ethnic cleansing.
Afsai, Shai. “‘The bride is beautiful, but she is married to another man’: Historical Fabrication and an Anti-Zionist Myth.” Shofar 30.3 (2012): 35-61.
According to a frequently repeated story, during the early years of the Zionist movement a number of European Jews were sent to Palestine to investigate its suitability as a location for a Jewish state. They reported back, the story concludes, that "the bride is beautiful, but she is married to another man"—Palestine is an excellent land, but it belongs to others. While its details vary with the telling, the story’s central point is often the same: already in the early years of the Zionist movement, Jews recognized that it would be unjust and immoral for them to try to claim Palestine; despite this awareness, the Zionists proceeded with their plans for Jewish statehood there; from the outset, therefore, the establishment of the state of Israel was an act of severe and willful injustice.
Peled-Elhanan, Nurit. Palestine in Israeli School Books: Ideology and Propaganda in Education. London: IB Tauris, 2012.
Yoav Gelber. Nation and History: Israeli Historiography between Zionism and Post-Zionism. London and Portland, OR : Vallentine Mitchell, 2011.
Ilan Fuchs, “Old v. New? On Historiography and Israeli History.” H-Net Reviews, January 2012.
Masalha, Nur. “New History, Post-Zionism and Neo-Colonialism: A Critique of the Israeli ‘New Historians’.” Holy Land Studies 10 (2011): 1-53.
Ever since the 1948 Palestinian Nakba a bitter controversy has raged over its causes and circumstances. While the Palestinian refugees have maintained that they were driven into flight, Israeli historians claimed that the refugees either left of their own accord, or were ordered to do so by their own leaders. This essay explores the emergence of an Israeli revisionist historiography in the late 1980s which challenged the official Zionist narrative of 1948. Today the ‘new historians’ are bitterly divided and at each other’s throats. The essay assesses the impact of the ‘new historians’ on history writing and power relations in Palestine-Israel, situating the phenomenon within the wider debates on knowledge and power. It locates ‘new history’ discourse within the multiple crises of Zionism and the recurring patterns of critical liberal Zionist writing. It further argues that, although the terms of the debate in Western academia have been altered under the impact of this development, both the ‘new history’ narrative and ‘Post-Zionism’ have remained marginal in Israel. Rather than developing a post-colonial discourse or decolonising methodologies, the ‘new historians’ have reflected contradictory currents within the Israeli settler colonial society. Also, ominously, their most influential author, Benny Morris, has reframed the ‘new history’ narrative within a neo-colonialist discourse and the ‘clash of civilisations’ thesis. Justifying old and neo-colonialist ideas on ‘transfer’ and ethnic cleansing, Morris (echoing calls by neo-Zionist Israeli politicians) threatens the Palestinians with another Nakba.
Israel Studies Volume 16, Number 1, Spring 2011
Table of Contents
The Image of Israel and Postcolonial Discourse in the Early 21st Century: A View from Britain
"We Have a Rendezvous With Destiny"—The Rise and Fall of the Liberal Alternative
- Israel — Politics and government — 1948-1967.
- Political parties — Israel — History — 20th century.
- Right and left (Political science) — Israel — History — 20th century.
The White House Middle East Policy in 1973 as a Catalyst for the Outbreak of the Yom Kippur War
- United States — Foreign relations — Middle East.
- Middle East — Foreign relations — United States.
- United States — Foreign relations — 1969-1974.
- Middle East — Foreign relations — 20th century.
- Israel-Arab War, 1973.
Italian Foreign Policy Towards Israel: The Turning Point of the Berlusconi Government (2001–2006)
- Italy — Foreign relations — Israel.
- Israel — Foreign relations — Italy.
- Italy — Foreign relations — 1994-
- Italy — Politics and government — 21st century.
Population Dispersal Policy and the 1990s Immigration Wave
- Israel — Population policy — History — 20th century.
- Israel — Emigration and immigration — History — 20th century.
- Soviet Union — Emigration and immigration — History — 20th century.
Public Controversy and Commemorative Failure: Tel-Aviv’s Monument to the Holocaust and National Revival
From First-Wave to Third-Wave Feminist Art in Israel: A Quantum Leap
- Art, Israeli — 20th century.
- Feminism in art.
- First-wave feminism — Israel.
- Third-wave feminism — Israel.
- Feminism and art — Israel.
Passion and Territory in Israeli Historiography
- Gurevitz, Zali. On Israeli and Jewish place.
- Neumann, Boaz, 1971- Teshuḳat ha-ḥalutsim.
- Ohana, David. Lo Kenaʻanim, lo Tsalbanim : meḳorot ha-mitologyah ha-Yiśreʼelit.
- Nocke, Alexandra. Place of the Mediterranean in modern Israeli identity.
- National characteristics, Israeli — Historiography.
- Nationalism and historiography — Israel.
- Jewish nationalism — Israel — History — 20th century.
Bartal, Israel. "The Other Story: Israeli Historians and Jewish ‘Universalism’," European Review of History 17,3 (2010): 541-549.
This article analyses the tension between universalism and nationalism in the writings of three generations of historians of Jewish history. Concentrating on the so-called ‘Jerusalem school’ of Zionist historiography, the article shows how central intellectual figures such as Ben Zion Dinur, Shmuel Ettinger and Jonathan Frankel were keenly aware of the tension between European universalism and Jewish nationalism and that they consciously strove to construct an interpretation of history that was simultaneously Jewish and universal at the same time. In addition to viewing these works as part of larger historiographical discourses, these intellectual oeuvres are also examined within the context of larger historical developments among the Jews of Europe from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. From many perspectives these historians reflected the dreams and visions of many other Jews who dreamed of lives, cultures and societies that were simultaneously Jewish and European, national and universal.
Keywords: Jewish; Cosmopolitanism; Zionist historiography; Jerusalem school; Ettinger; Dinur, ישראל ברטל, שמואל אטינגר, בן-ציון דינור, יונתן פרנקל
Likhovski, Assaf. "Post-Post-Zionist Historiography." Israel Studies 15,2 (2010): 1-23.
In the 1980s and 1990s, a group of historians and sociologists revolutionized the study of Israeli history. These scholars, often called collectively the Post-Zionists, sought to undermine "the founding myths of Israel". The Post-Zionist paradigm has made important and lasting contributions to the understanding of Israeli history, but no historiographical trend is permanent. In the last decade, a new generation of scholars, sometimes called "the third wave in Israeli historiography", or "the Post-Post-Zionists", has produced works that differ in many respects from those of the previous generation. This generation studies new subjects, utilizes new types of sources and new writing styles, asks new questions about Israeli society, and its attitude to Zionism is often more empathic than that of the previous generation. The article analyzes some aspects of the new paradigm, which can be seen as a local, Israeli, manifestation of a more general approach—the new cultural history—that appeared outside Israel in the 1970s.