Bulletin: Military Occupation and Conflict, the West Bank, and Gaza








New Article: Sachs, Why Israel Waits. Anti-Solutionism as a Strategy

Sachs, Natan. “Why Israel Waits. Anti-Solutionism as a Strategy.” Foreign Affairs 94.6 (Nov/Dec 2015): 74-82.


URL: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/israel/2015-10-20/why-israel-waits



In the absence of a final-status agreement in the near or medium term, banishing anti-Israeli and anti-Palestinian incitement from public rhetoric will also become more important. During negotiations for peace in previous years, Israel’s demands for a halt to such talk among the Palestinians often seemed like a play for time. But today, with so much time likely to pass before peace is reached, calls for violence from either side can have a pernicious effect well beyond their apparent scope by encouraging terrorist attacks against both Israelis and Palestinians.

Israeli and Palestinian leaders are unlikely to take serious interim steps toward peace in the near term. Yet the conflict has had many ups and downs over the years, and there will be opportunities for creative policy before long. And because a full resolution is not likely soon, it is all the more important in the meantime that Israel, the Palestinians, and the United States devise coherent policies that are at once realistic about the immediate future and consistently committed to longer-term objectives.

Israel’s anti-solutionism is not absurd, especially in the context of the country’s current geopolitical situation. Yet Israeli leaders can nevertheless be blind to the long-term effects of their actions, and there is much that could be done to improve them. For the Israeli-Palestinian issue, as for many others, 
it is in the pragmatic middle ground between cynicism and idealism that the best policies can be found.



New Article: Ben-Artzi et al, Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution as Distinct Negotiation Processes

Ben-Artzi, Ruth, Moty Cristal, and Shirli Kopelman. “Conceptualizing Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution as Distinct Negotiation Processes in the Context of the Enduring Israeli–Palestinian Conflict.” Negotiation and Conflict Management Research 8.1 (2015): 56-63.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ncmr.12046


Negotiations in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict are historically traced and compared through an analysis of conflict resolution (CR) and conflict management (CM), defined as distinct negotiation processes. The assumption that CM is a stepping-stone to CR is challenged: Linking the two processes has not only entrenched but exacerbated this enduring conflict. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.


Schubert and Lambsdorff, Negative Reciprocity in the Occupied Palestinian Territories

Schubert, Manuel and Johann Graf Lambsdorff. “Negative Reciprocity in an Environment of Violent Conflict. Experimental Evidence from the Occupied Palestinian Territories.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 58.4 (2014): 539-63.


URL: http://jcr.sagepub.com/content/58/4/539



How is negative reciprocity cultivated in an environment of violent conflict? This study investigates how students in the West Bank react to unfair proposals in an ultimatum game. Proposals submitted with Hebrew as compared to Arab handwriting are rejected more often. Israelis must offer 15 percent more of a given stake than Palestinians in order to achieve the same probability of acceptance. This willingness to lose money by rejecting proposals reveals a preference for discrimination against Israelis, cultivated in the conflict-ridden environment. Students who voice a militant attitude, surprisingly, do not reveal a higher tendency to discriminate, exercising a high degree of negative reciprocity toward all unfair proposals. But those who favor a political role for Islam have a higher inclination to discriminate. This implies that ethnic and religious cleavages do not consistently generate in-group solidarity.

ToC: Israel Affairs, 19.4 (2013)

Israel Affairs: Volume 19, Issue 4, 2013


Anatomy of decline: Anglo-Soviet competition in the Middle East, 1956–67

Moshe Gat
pages 603-622

The impact of the cold war on the Thatcher government’s Middle East policy

Azriel Bermant
pages 623-639


Ending the Second Lebanon War: the interface between the political and military echelons in Israel

Shmuel Tzabag
pages 640-659

The ‘Annapolis Process’: a chronology of failure

Amira Schiff
pages 660-678


War and peace in Judaism and Islam

Moshe Cohen
pages 679-692


A reassessment of the 1967 Arab oil embargo

Joseph Mann
pages 693-703


Paradigmatic changes in perceptions of disciplinary and multidisciplinary teaching in Israeli higher education system: fad or challenge?

Nitza Davidovitch
pages 704-712


Election year economics and political budget cycle in Israel – myth or reality

Tal Shahor
pages 713-730


Review Essay

The politics of the Israeli Pantheon

Nissim Leon
pages 731-734


Book Reviews

60 years: Israel navy

David Rodman
pages 735-736


Legacy: a genetic history of the Jewish people

David Rodman
page 736


Mossad; Spies against Armageddon: inside Israel’s secret wars

David Rodman
pages 737-738


Moshe Dayan: Israel’s controversial hero

David Rodman
pages 738-739


Abdullah al-Tall, Arab Legion officer: Arab nationalism and opposition to the Hashemite regime

David Rodman
pages 739-740


Israel: the will to prevail

David Rodman
pages 740-741


The promise of Israel: why its seemingly greatest weakness is actually its greatest strength

David Rodman
pages 741-742


Judah in the Neo-Babylonian period: the archaeology of desolation

David Rodman
pages 742-743


Struggling over Israel’s soul: an IDF general speaks of his controversial moral decisions

David Rodman
pages 743-744


Asset test: how the United States benefits from its alliance with Israel

David Rodman
pages 744-746


Editorial Board

Editorial Board