In Palestine/Israel, different colored identification cardsare mandated by the Israeli state apparatus to Palestiniansin the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, and thosewho are citizens of Israel. The article traces the developmentof the bureaucracy of the Palestinian ID card since the establishmentof Israel and suggests that modern-day ID cards in Palestine/Israelare physical and visible instruments of a widespread low-techsurveillance mechanism to control mobility and a principal meansfor discriminating, both positively and negatively, subjects’privileges and rights. ID cards are both the spaces in whichPalestinians confront, tolerate, and sometimes challenge theIsraeli state, and a mechanism through which Palestinian spatiality,territoriality, and corporeality are penetrated by the Israeliregime. Vital in the control and differentiation of Palestinianpopulations, what makes ID cards unique in the Palestinian/Israelicase is that their materiality is one of their most importantand resonant aspects. The article describes various representationsof the ID cards, for example in poetry and in murals, to showhow they also function as sites of remediation, spaces and momentsof renegotiation for their bearers, subject to counter-hegemonicrepresentations, interpretations, and uses. As a special kindof material object, ID cards are an effective and low-tech meansof surveillance and differentiation and an important nexus ofIsraeli power, demonstrating the institutional materiality ofthe state apparatus’s constitution in subjects’ everyday life;but they have also become important because they allow a poeticsof political resistance.