New Article: Alpert et al, Volunteer First Responders to Mass-Casualty Terrorist Attacks in Israel

Alpert, Evan Avraham Alpert, Ari M. Lipsky, Navid Daniel Elie, and Eli Jaffe. “The Contribution of On-Call, Volunteer First Responders to Mass-Casualty Terrorist Attacks in Israel.” American Journal of Disaster Medicine 10.1 (2015): 35-39.

 

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26102043
          http://dx.doi.org/10.5055/ajdm.2015.0186

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the contributions of on-call, volunteer first responders to mass-casualty terrorist attacks in Israel during the Second Intifada.

DESIGN:

Descriptive study evaluating data obtained from postevent debriefings after 15 terrorist attacks in Israel between 2001 and 2004.

RESULTS:

An average of 7.9 deaths (median 7.0, interquartile range [IQR] 2.5-12.5) and 53.8 injuries (median 50.0, IQR 34.0-62.0) occurred in each of these attacks. The average number of volunteers responding to each event was 50.3 (median 43.0, IQR 27.5-55.5). The volunteers were involved in extricating victims from imminent danger, and performing emergent tasks such as bag-valve ventilation, tourniquet application, and intravenous line insertion. They were also integral to the rapid evacuation of casualties from the scene.

CONCLUSION:

On-call, volunteer first responders are an integral part of Israel’s emergency medical response to mass-casualty terrorist attacks. This system may be used as a model for the development of similar services worldwide.

 

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