Goldstein, Yossi. “The Impact of Russian Terrorism in Kishinev on the Zionist Movement and the Jewish Intelligentsia.” Terrorism and Political Violence 25.4 (2013): 587-596.
The explosion of terror which took place in the Bessarabian capital in
April 1903 and which has since become known as the Kishinev Pogrom had a
profound impact on all of Russian Jewry. But as far as the Zionist
movement is concerned, and in opposition to what is generally believed
about the Pogrom’s central role in the history of Zionism, the Pogrom
did not lead to any changes in the activities undertaken by the Zionists
or in the ideology which they espoused. It was rather that the Pogrom
triggered certain phenomena already present in Zionism during the
preceding few years.