Jütte, Robert. "Not Welcomed with Open Arms. German Rabbis in Eretz Yisrael, 1933-1948." Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook 57 (2012): 105-117.
Without the emigrant rabbis who returned to Germany, many Jewish congregations in the young Federal Republic would have been hard put to find pastoral care for their members even though their numbers were still small at that time. The rabbis who returned to Germany from Israel, of all places, most of whom cherished scientific ambitions, found themselves accused on two counts, firstly for having turned their backs on the Jewish state and its restoration, and secondly for contributing to making Jews feel more at home again in Germany. That there were even Zionists among them rendered the whole situation even more controversial. Many aspects of the history of the remigration of rabbis are therefore still waiting to be written.